MINI competitors!

MINI as a brand has a wide range of cars, currently based on similar platforms. This variety comes with a plenty of competitors on the automobile market. The current study will focus on the second generation of MINI Hatchback, MINI Roadster, MINI Paceman and finally MINI Countryman. The comparison focuses on the handling and the performance, the practicality and comfort for each car and its competitors.

MINI Hatchback

Defining Competitors

MINI Hatchback has been introduced also in The Mini Legend – History (Part III) and Present. Currently the production of the second generation has been suspended, as the production of the third generation will take place so the new car will hit the market in next spring. Despite that fact, the second generation will be compared to its competitors as the new generation has not yet been tested.

The car with its length reaching the 3,729 mm can be places between the A and the B-Segments and it is introduced as a premium small car. Between these two segments a lot of cars like Ford Fiesta, Renault Clio, Volkswagen Polo, Fiat 500, Volkswagen Up!, Renault Twingo, Volkswagen Beetle, SEAT Ibiza and Audi A1 can be considered as competitors.

As MINI Hatchback is a rather small car with an iconic image of a legend of the automotive industry, in the current study, it will be compared against Volkswagen Beetle and Fiat 500. The reason for this comparison is that all the three cars are based on classic cars that were on the market in the same period of time during the 50’s and the 60’s. The comparison focus on the handling and the performance, the practicality and comfort of the above mentioned cars.

Let the race begin…

All the three cars have strong connections with the past, as all of them are based on legendary cars that remain icons of the 20th century’s automotive industry. Fiat 500 comes from Poland by the Italian manufacturer and it’s the smallest of the three, while the MINI is in the middle regarding its size and it is manufactured in UK by BMW. The Volkswagen Beetle is the biggest among the three and it is produced in Mexico by the German manufacturer.

The Beetle has the most powerful engines, starting from the 1.2L to reach the 2.0L Petrol and the 2.5L Diesel. MINI Hatchback comes second with the engines varying between 1.4L (MINI One) and 1.6L Turbo (MINI Cooper ‘S’). Fiat 500 is the last one, with the less powerful engines, starting from the 0.9L and reaching the 1.4L. Both the VW and the Fiat can be equipped with a 5-speed or a 6-speed manual or automatic gearbox, whereas the MINI comes only with 6-speed either manual or automatic transmissions. All the cars are Front-Engine Front-Wheel-Drive.

When it comes to the handling, MINI Hatchback comes first. Its suspension settings for fun driving, the adequate engines and the direct steering wheel give to MINI the first position in both handling and performance. Volkswagen Beetle comes second, as its suspensions and the transmissions are not set up for sport driving rather than touring, in contrast with VW Golf GTi. The heavy car, despite the more powerful engines, falls to the second place. Fiat 500, while it is the lightest among the three, has the less powerful engines and the both handling and performance stick to the city driving rather than to sports driving.

When it comes to comfort and practicality Beetle comes first, with spacious back seats and a trunk reaching 310lt/vda. MINI Hatchback, while it has the smallest trunk reaching 160lt/vda it comes second with more space on the back seats than the Fiat 500, with a larger trunk of 185lt/vda but much smaller space for the passengers.

MINI Cooper Volkswagen Beetle Fiat 500
2011-Mini-Cooper-front-end-in-motion 2012-Volkswagen-Bettle-front-end-in-motion 2012-Fiat-500-front-three-quarter-in-motion
2011-Mini-Cooper-side 2012-Volkswagen-Bettle-side 2012-Fiat-500-side
2011-Mini-Cooper-rear-three-quarters 2012-Volkswagen-Bettle-rear-three-quarters 2012-Fiat-500-rear-three-quarters
Images by Brian Vance for Motor Trend

Below you can find the basic characteristics of the most powerful of each car in a comparison table.

Vehicle MINI Cooper S 1.6 Volkswagen Beetle 2.0 TSI DSG6 Fiat 500 1.3 Sport Diesel
Engine (cm3) 1,598 1,984 1,248
Horsepower (ps) 184 200 95
Max. Torque (nm) 260 280 200
Fuel Economy (lt/100km) 5.8 7.7 3.9
CO2 Emission (g/km) 136 179 104
Size (L x W x H) (mm) 3,714 x 1,683 x 1,407 4,278 x 1,808 x 1,486 3,546 x 1,627 x 1,488
Kerb Weight (kg) 1,132 1,379.8 980
Trunk Capacity (lt/vda) 160 310 185
Price £18,185 £23,195 £12,410

The final word

Fiat 500, while it comes the last in the above comparison in both driving and comfort, it is the one with the most sales across EU. The much smaller price is the main reason for this. Volkswagen Beetle is the most comfortable car but it is the most expensive among the three and lacks of sport spirit, as the company counts on Golf GTi for that, it is too far behind on the sales, and reaches the second place on our comparison. MINI is on the second place of the sales, while remains one of the most interesting to drive and good comfort-to-performance balance and it wins the first place in our comparison.

From the above comparison, someone can easily say that the MINI Hatchback, with a more premium character than any of the other two cars, and its better balance between sport driving and comfort, has its unique target group. This leads to the conclusion that the MINI Hatchback cannot be threaten by its competitors.

A video comparison of the MINI Cooper ‘S’ and the Volkswagen Beetle Sport.
A video comparison of the MINI Cooper ‘S’ and the Fiat 500C Abarth.

MINI Roadster

Defining Competitors

MINI Roadster has been briefly described in The Mini Legend – History (Part III) and Present. It has been introduced from MINI on the market in 2012 and is the convertible version of MINI Coupé, so it has two seats only. With a total length of 3,734mm it belongs in the A-Segment and one of its main competitors is Mazda MX-5. Both cars are two-seated convertible small cars with similar characteristics in both performance and styling. MINI Roadster comes only with a soft-top upper body, whereas the car from the Japanese manufacturer is available in both soft-top and hard-top versions, with the hard-top version priced higher.

Let the race begin…

To begin with, MINI Roadster is available with two different powertrains, the first being a 1.6L Petrol engine (Cooper Roaster/’S’ ) and the second a 2.0L Diesel engine (Cooper Roadster ‘SD’). All versions can be combined with manual or automatic 6-gear transmissions. Mazda MX-5, comes also with two different engines, ranging from a 1.8L Petrol engine to a 2.0L Petrol engine. The options for the transmission vary between a 5-speed manual, a 6-speed manual and a 6-speed automatic gearbox. The MINI Roadster follows the FF layout (Front-Engine, Front-Wheel-Drive), whereas the MX-5 follows the FR Layout (Front-Engine, Rear-Wheel-Drive).

When it comes to the evaluation of the vehicle handling, Mazda MX-5 comes first. While MINI Roadster is playful with sport-tuned suspensions and agile cornering, Mazda MX-5 has more to give. Despite the track-tuned suspension system, it remains smooth when it has to. Also, the steering wheel is much more responsive that Roadster’s. MINI is more powerful in respect to horsepower but MX-5 is able to deliver the power to the road more adequate. Furthermore, the Rear-Wheel-Drive enhances the fun-to-drive experience.

Regarding the comfort, MINI’s high-riding cabin becomes uncomfortable, while MX-5’s bump-absorbing suspension system makes the living in the cabin much better. The driving position for both cars are quite well, but MINI seems more roomy and practical than MX-5. The shelf behind the driver and the pass through to the trunk help to this direction. Trunk is also bigger for MINI (240 lt) than MX-5’s (150 lt).

MINI Roadster Mazda MX-5
 2013-MINI-Roadster-Cooper-S-front  2013-Mazda-MX5-Miata front
 2013-MINI-Roadster-Cooper-S-wheel  2013-Mazda-MX5-Miata-wheel
 2013-MINI-Roadster-Cooper-S-cabin  2013_Mazda_MX5_Cabin
Images from Adam Wood and Chris Blanchette for autoguide

Below you can find the basic characteristics of each car in a comparison table.

Vehicle MINI Roadster Cooper S 1.6i 16v Mazda MX-5 2.0i 16v MZR Sport
Engine (cm3) 1,598 1,998
Horsepower (hp) 184 160
Max. Torque (nm) 260 188
Fuel Economy (lt/100km) 6.00 7.60
CO2 Emission (g/km) 139 181
Size (L x W x H) (mm) 3,734 x 1,683 x 1,390 4,022 x 1,720 x 1,255
Kerb Weight (kg) 1,475 1,375
Trunk Capacity (lt/vda) 240 150
Price £20,935 £23,695

The final word

Mazda is the winner in this battle. It is more sporty and comfortable to drive, while less powerful. MINI Roadster is better styled, comes with more powerful engines regarding the horsepower, but the sport and fun-to-drive character is not so strong. MINI is also cheaper than Mazda, and more practical for everyday driving, but the MX-5 has more to give when it comes to the driving experience.

A video comparison of the MINI Roadster Cooper ‘S’ and the Mazda MX-5.

MINI Paceman

Defining Competitors

The MINI Paceman has been described in The Mini Legend – History (Part III) and Present. The model is a 3-door version of MINI Countryman, with a compact, stylish and SUV look that makes it distinguished among other SUVs. It was launched in 2012 and it is produced together with Countryman in Austria. Its length reaches the 4,109mm so it could be considered as a compact SUV. In the same category, as the market lacks of 3-door SUVs, only Range Rover Evoque can be considered as a competitor. The Evoque is also a 3-door luxury SUV with total length of 4,355mm. It is produced in Halewood, UK, since 2011.

Despite the fact that both cars are 3-door SUVs, they derive from completely different positions. MINI Paceman Cooper 2.0 SD ALL4 is the most powerful diesel Paceman and still lacks of the power of the Range Rover Evoque, a luxury all-road car. For this comparison, the Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 2.2 eD4 Pure 3-door 2WD will be considered.

Let the race begin…

The most powerful Paceman comes with a 2.0L diesel engine that produces 143hp. Evoque on the other hand comes with a more powerful engine, even for the entry level model. The engine is a 2.2L Diesel producing 152hp. Despite the more powerful powertrain of Evoque, the MINI Paceman has much better performance for both top speed and 0-100km/h acceleration. This is due to the lighter body of Paceman (1,255kg DIN).

Despite the better performance of Paceman, when it comes to driving experience and handling, Evoque is by far better in smoothness and refinement. The handling of the 4-wheel-drive Paceman is satisfactory, but even the two-wheels-drive entry level Evoque is better and more stable on the road.

When comfort and practicality are considered, Evoque also comes first. The bigger size of the car gives much better space for the occupants and the driver. MINI Paceman, while it is smaller, has similar space like Countryman, which means that it is above the average for a 3-door car. Evoque can offer 550lt for luggage, whereas Paceman offers 330lt, which is above the average for the 3-door hatchback category, but relatively small if other SUVs are considered.

MINI Paceman Land Rover Range Rover Evoque
2013-MINI-Paceman-cooper-s-all4-02 2013-Range-Rover-Evoque-coupe
2013-MINI-Paceman-cooper-s-rear 2013-Range-Rover-Evoque-coupe-rear
2013-MINI-Paceman-steering-wheel 2013-Range-Rover-Evoque-coupe-seats
Images from autoguide.com

Below you can find the basic characteristics of each car in a comparison table.

Vehicle MINI Paceman Cooper 2.0 SD Salt ALL4 Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 2.2 eD4 Pure 3-door 2WD
Engine (cm3) 1,995 2,179
Horsepower (hp) 143 152
Max. Torque (nm) 305 380
Fuel Economy (lt/100km) 4.90 4.90
CO2 Emission (g/km) 130 129
Size (L x W x H) (mm) 4,115 x 1,786 x 1,518 4,355x 1,900x 1,610
Kerb Weight (kg) 1,255 1,065
Trunk Capacity (lt/vda) 330 550
Price £24,920 £32,195

The final word

A direct comparison between MINI Paceman and Range Rover Evoque cannot be fair, as the cars come from different classes. Even the most powerful Paceman cannot compete the entry level 3-door Evoque, as, despite the better performance of Paceman due to the more lightweight body, the handling of the Evoque is superior. Evoque also wins in respect to interior space and practicality. Still, Paceman is above the average of the 3-door cars. The price difference between the cars is big, as Paceman Cooper SD ALL4 is more than £7,000 cheaper than the entry level Range Rover Evoque. The different price and class aim to different target groups, so both cars don’t compete for the same niche market. Each one has its one market.

A video comparison between MINI Paceman Cooper S and 2013 Range Rover Evoque 3-door.

MINI Countryman

Defining Competitors

The MINI Countryman has been described also in The Mini Legend – History (Part III) and Present. It is the first 5-door SUV from MINI and its launch in 2010 did not pleased many fans of the brand. Despite that fact, it remains one of the best sellers of the recent MINI cars. It is produced in Austria, like the MINI Paceman. Its length is 4,097mm and it could be described as a small 5-door SUV. In the category many cars can be also assorted. Volkswagen Tiguan and Nissan Juke will be compared with MINI Countryman in this comparison. Other cars that could be considered as competitors of Countryman are Dacia Duster, Suzuki SX4, RAV4, Jeep Compass and the recently launched Porsche Macan. Despite the wide range of competitors, we will focus on Tiguan and Juke because they have similar characteristics like Countryman, being small sized SUVs. Also the prices of each car are in similar levels, compared to the given quality that each product offers.

Let the race begin…

Regarding performance, MINI Countryman is available with 4 different engines, a 1.6L Petrol, a 1.6L Turbo Petrol (Cooper S), a 1.6L Diesel (Cooper D) and a 2.0L Diesel (Cooper SD). All the engines can be combined with manual and automatic 6-speed gearboxes. Four different petrol engines and three different diesel engines are available for the Tiguan, which is assembled in Germany, with the petrol ranging from 1.4L to 2.0L and the diesel on 2.0L but with different horsepower. For the transmission a 6-speed gearbox can be used either manual or automatic, but there is also an option of a 7-speed DSG dual-clutch transmission. Finally, Nissan Juke, assembled in UK, come on the market with four different petrol engines, ranging from 1.5L to 3.8L (V-6 for Juke-R) and one diesel with capacity of 1.5L. The transmission package for Juke includes a 5-speed manual, a 6-speed manual and a 6-speed automatic gearbox.

When it comes to handling, MINI does its best and comes first. The first factor for this is the suspension system with different hardness options which allows better handling when driving fast and also comfort when the car is used for commuting. The second factor is the very precise steering wheel, the hardness or the lightness of which can be adjusted according to the driver’s needs. Braking for Countryman is pretty solid, but Nissan Juke performs better in breaking. Tiguan comes second regarding handling, as the steering is in the middle of the comparison, very light and manageable, while it increases in weight when the car is in higher speeds. Tiguan’s transmission, the automatic (non-DSG) gearbox performs poorly. Finally, braking for Tiguan is the worst in our comparison. Juke, on the other hand, comes last in position when handling is considered. The steering wheel is excessively light and uncomfortably loose too. These two facts make Juke the less optimal for driving in higher speeds. Juke’s braking, in contrast, is superb, as it offers the shortest stopping distance. Finally, transmission, when the CVT gearbox is used, performs poorly in lower rpm.

Considering comfort and practicality, Volkswagen Tiguan comes first, as it offers more space for both occupants and luggage. Tiguan’s interior comes second in the materials used, despite the fact that in some instances, like the doors, the materials are better than in Countryman. MINI Countryman is placed in the second place, as it offers enough room for both occupants and luggage, but not as much as Tiguan does. The quality of the interior is better but this comes also with higher price. Finally, Juke has the less space for occupants, despite the fact that the driving position is good so the packaging is less sophisticated in this model, as it is small in every direction. The quality of Juke’s interior is the worst among the three models.

MINI Countryman Volkswagen Tiguan Nissan Juke
Mini-Countryman_2011_1600x1200_wallpaper_04 2013-volkswagen-tiguan-2wd-4-door-auto-s-angular-front-exterior-view_100412259_l 2011-Nissan-Juke-Front-Angle-1
Mini-Countryman_2011_1600x1200_wallpaper_3b 2013-volkswagen-tiguan-2wd-4-door-auto-s-side-exterior-view_100412248_l 2011-Nissan-Juke-Side
Mini-Countryman_2011_1600x1200_wallpaper_74 2013-volkswagen-tiguan-2wd-4-door-auto-s-front-exterior-view_100412254_l 2011-Nissan-Juke-Front-2
Images from The Car Connection, Trendz Car and Net Car Show

Below you can find the basic characteristics of each car in a comparison table.

Vehicle MINI Countryman Cooper S ALL4 Auto Volkswagen Tiguan SE 2.0 TSI 4MOTION Nissan Juke 1.6 n-tec Premium Pack CVT
Engine (cm3) 1,598 1,984 1,598
Horsepower (hp) 187 178 115
Max. Torque (nm) 240 158
Fuel Economy (lt/100km) 7.7 8.5 6.3
CO2 Emission (g/km) 180 199 145
Size (L x W x H) (mm) 4,110 x 1,789 x 1,561 4,426 x 1,809 x 1,703 4,135 x 1,765 x 1,565
Kerb Weight (kg) 1,865 2,200 1,675
Trunk Capacity (lt/vda) 350 470 251
Price £24,090 £26,490 £17,295

The final word

MINI Countryman comes first in this comparison, as it has the best driving experience and handling, but there is a small compromise in the interior room, while it is the most expensive among the three cars. Volkswagen Tiguan is more practical and comfortable but the driver cannot get the best feeling while driving it, so it takes the second place, while it is second also in the price range. Finally, Nissan Juke lacks of handling and interior space, so it takes the third place in our comparison, but it is the cheapest.

A video comparison between MINI Countryman, Volkswagen Tiguan and Toyota RAV4.
A video comparison between MINI Countryman, Nissan Juke, Alfa Romeo Giullietta and Citroen DS4.

Conclusions

MINI is a brand with a variety of cars, ranging from hatchbacks, convertibles and SUVs. Each type of vehicle has unique competitors. For the MINI hatchback, due to different price, the car aims to different target group, so there is not so much competition with the other cars. MINI Cooper Roadster, comes second compared to Mazda MX-5. Paceman, on the other hand, is difficult to be compared with Evoque, as they belong to different classes, although they are in same size and type. Finally, MINI Countryman comes first among Volkswagen Tiguan and Nissan Juke.

All these position in the above comparisons, are the proof of MINI for high quality, fun-to-drive cars. The commitment to the brand is obvious and unquestionable.

References

  1. Elfalan, J. (2012) 2011 Mini Cooper S vs 2012 Volkswagen Beetle Turbo [online] available from http://www.roadandtrack.com/car-reviews/car-comparison-tests/2011-mini-cooper-s-vs-2012-volkswagen-beetle-turbo [13 January 2014] Comments: Comparison between MINI Cooper ‘S’ and Volkswagen Beetle Turbo
  2. Salzman, N. (2013) Opinion: Who Is MINI’s Real Competition? [online] available from http://www.motoringfile.com/2013/08/20/opinion-who-is-minis-real-competition/ [14 January 2014] Comments: Comparison between MINI Hatchback, Fiat 500 and Volkswagen Beetle.
  3. Evans, S. (2012) Comparison: Mini Cooper vs Scion tC vs Honda CR-Z vs Volkswagen Beetle vs Hyundai Veloster vs Fiat 500 compared [online] available from http://www.motortrend.com/roadtests/coupes/1202_mini_cooper_vs_scion_tc_vs_honda_crz_vs_volkswagen_beetle_vs_hyundai_veloster_vs_fiat_500_comparison/viewall.html [14 January 2014] Comments: Excellent comparison between MINI Cooper, Volkswagen Beetle and Fiat 500 and images of the three cars.
  4. The Telegraph (2014) Audi A1 and rivals [online] available from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/car-manufacturers/audi/7829733/Audi-A1-and-rivals.html [14 January 2014] Comments: Brief comparison of MINI Hatchback with other small cars.
  5. Car Pages (2014) New Car Price Guide [online] available from http://www.carpages.co.uk [13 January 2014] Comments: Prices and technical specification of the three cars compared.
  6. Wood, C. (2012) 2013 Mazda MX-5 Miata vs. 2013 MINI Roadster Cooper S [online] available from http://www.autoguide.com/car-comparisons/2013-mazda-mx5-miata-vs-2013-mini-roadster-cooper-s-2327.html [23 January 2014] Comments: Comparison between Mazda MX-5 and MINI Roadster Cooper S and pictures of the cars.
  7. Turkus, B. (2012) Comparison Test: 2012 Mini Cooper S Roadster vs. 2012 Mazda MX-5 Miata Special Edition [online] available from http://www.windingroad.com/articles/reviews/comparison-2012-mini-cooper-s-roadster-vs-2012-mazda-mx-5-miata-special-edition/ [23 January 2014] Comments: Comparison of Mazda MX-5 and MINI Roadster Cooper S.
  8. Schlee, M. (2013) 2013 Range Rover Evoque Coupe vs. 2013 MINI Paceman Cooper S [online] available from http://www.autoguide.com/car-comparisons/2013-range-rover-evoque-coupe-vs-2013-mini-paceman-cooper-s-2642.html [23 January 2014] Comments: Comparison and images of MINI Paceman and Range Rover Evoque.
  9. AutoExpress (2013) MINI Paceman vs. Range Rover Evoque [online] available from http://www.autoexpress.co.uk/mini/paceman/63820/mini-paceman-vs-range-rover-evoque [23 January 2014] Comments: Comparison of MINI Paceman and Range Rover Evoque.
  10. Rodatz, D. (2010) MINI Countryman vs. Nissan Juke [online] available from http://www.autoexpress.co.uk/mini/countryman/17931/mini-countryman-vs-nissan-juke [24 January 2014] Comments: Comparison of MINI Countryman and Nissan Juke.
  11. Niro, A. (2012) Track Rivals: Countryman vs. Tiguan vs. Juke [online] available from http://www.twoautocents.com/2012/10/13/track-rivals-countryman-vs-tiguan-vs-juke/ Comments: Comparison of MINI Countryman, Nissan Juke and Volkswagen Tiguan.
  12. Perrys (2014) Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 2.2 eD4 Pure 3 door [Tech Pack] 2WD [online] available from http://www.perrys.co.uk/land-rover-range-rover-evoque-2.2-ed4-pure-3-door-tech-pack-2wd/new-car-51556-15035#.UuGTObTFKHt [23 January 2014] Comments: Technical specification and price of Range Rover Evoque.
  13. Car and Driver (2014) Buyer’s Guide [online] available from http://buyersguide.caranddriver.com/ [24 January 2014] Comments: Technical specification and price for cars.
  14. The Car Connection (2013) 2013 Volkswagen Tiguan [online] available from http://www.thecarconnection.com/photos/volkswagen_tiguan_2013 [23 January 2014] Comments: Images of VW Tiguan.
  15. Trendz Car (2011) 2011 Nissan Juke [online] available from http://www.trendzcar.com/2011-nissan-juke.html [23 January 2014] Comments: Images of Nissan Juke.
  16. Net Car Show (2011) Mini Countryman (2011) [online] available from http://www.netcarshow.com/mini/2011-countryman/ [23 January 2014] Comments: Images of MINI Countryman.
  17. AutoTriti (2014) Prices for new cars [online] available from http://www.autotriti.gr/newcars/times/ [13 January 2014] Comments: Prices and technical specification of the three cars compared in Greek.
  18. Wikipedia (2014) Volkswagen Tiguan [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volkswagen_Tiguan [23 January 2014] Comments: Details about Volkswagen Tiguan.
  19. Wikipedia (2014) Nissan Juke [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nissan_Juke [23 January 2014] Comments: Details about Nissan Juke.
  20. Wikipedia (2014) Mini Countryman [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mini_Countryman [23 January 2014] Comments: Details about Mini Countryman.
  21. Wikipedia (2014) Mazda MX-5 [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mazda_mx5 [23 January 2014] Comments: Details about Mazda MX-5.
  22. Wikipedia (2014) Mini Coupé [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mini_Coup%C3%A9 [23 January 2014] Comments: Details about MINI Coupé.
  23. Wikipedia (2014) Mini Paceman [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mini_Paceman [23 January 2014] Comments: Details about MINI Paceman.
  24. Wikipedia (2014) Range Rover Evoque [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Range_Rover_Evoque [23 January 2014] Comments: Details about Range Rover Evoque.
  25. Wikipedia (2014) Euro Car Segment [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euro_Car_Segment [12 January 2014] Comments: Details about the Segment Classification in Europe.
  26. Wikipedia (2014) Supermini [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B-segment [12 January 2014] Comments: Details about the B-Segment in Automotive Industry.
  27. Wikipedia (2014) A-Segment [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A-segment [12 January 2014] Comments: Details about the A-Segment in Automotive Industry.
  28. Wikipedia (2014) Mini Hatch [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mini_Hatch [14 January 2014] Comments: Technical details about MINI Hatchback Mk II.
  29. Wikipedia (2014) Volkswagen Beetle (A5) [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volkswagen_Beetle_%28A5%29 [14 January 2014] Comments: Technical details about the latest Volkswagen Beetle.
  30. Wikipedia (2014) Fiat 500 (2007) [online] available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiat_500_%282007%29 [14 January 2014] Comments: Technical details about the latest Fiat 500.

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